Ghana, officially the Republic of Ghana, is a unitary presidential constitutional democracy, located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the sub-region of West Africa. Spanning a land mass of 238,535 km2 (92,099 sq mi), Ghana is bordered by the Ivory Coast in the west, Burkina Faso in the north, Togo in the east and the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean in the south. Ghana means “Warrior King” in the Soninke language.
The first permanent state in the territory of present-day Ghana dates back to the 11th century. Numerous kingdoms and empires emerged over the centuries, of which the most powerful was the Kingdom of Ashanti. Beginning in the 15th century, numerous European powers contested the area for trading rights, with the British ultimately establishing control of the coast by the late 19th century. Following over a century of native resistance, Ghana’s current borders were established by the 1900s as the British Gold Coast. It became independent of the United Kingdom on 6 March 1957.
Ghana’s population of approximately 28 million spans a variety of ethnic, linguistic and religious groups. Five percent of the population practices traditional faiths, 67.2% adhere to Christianity and 23.6% are Muslim. Its diverse geography and ecology ranges from coastal savannahs to tropical rain forests.
Ghana is a democratic country led by a president who is both head of state and head of the government. Ghana’s growing economic prosperity and democratic political system have made it a regional power in West Africa. It is a member of the Non-Aligned Movement, the African Union, the Economic Community of West African States (ECOWAS), Group of 24 (G24) and the Commonwealth of Nations.
Facts and checks
Ghana is divided into 10 administrative regions, sub-divided into 275 districts
|Regions of Ghana||Area (km2)||Regional capitals|
|Central Region||9,826||Cape Coast|
|Greater Accra Region||3,245||Accra|
|Upper East Region||8,842||Bolgatanga|
|Upper West Region||18,476||Wa|
As of 2016, Ghana had a population of 28,206,728. Around 29 percent of the population is under the age of 15, while persons aged 15-64 make up 57.8 percent of the population. The Ashanti Region had the most, (Akan) (Ashanti) (4.7 million in Ashanti, 2.3 million in Brong-Ahafo, 2.2 million in Central, 2.6 million in Eastern, 2.3 million in Western, and 4 million in the seat of government in Greater Accra geographically and legally part of Eastern then administered separately on 23 July 1982). As of 2010, 4.1 million persons reside in the Dagbani territories or Kingdom of Dagbon (2.4 million in Northern, 1 million in Upper East, and 0.7 million in Upper West).
As of 2010, 2.1 million persons reside in Ewe territory Volta.
There are eleven languages that have the status of government-sponsored languages:
- four are Akan ethnic languages (Asante Twi, Akuapem Twi, Mfantse and Nzema),
- two are Mole-Dagbani ethnic languages (Dagaare, Dagbanli and Hausa language).
- and Kasem.
Ghana map with regions
Freedom is not something that one people can bestow on another as a gift. Thy claim it as their own and none can keep it from them.
— Kwame Nkrumah
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